Febr. Olympia in Pyeongchang ist Geschichte. Jetzt richtet sich der Blick auf Peking, wo die Winterspiele zu Gast sein werden – allerdings mit. Febr. Gleichzeitig lud er die "Jugend der Welt" zu den XXIV. Winterspielen nach Peking ein. 13 Minuten später erlosch die olympische Flamme. Febr. Vier Jahre vor den Olympischen Winterspielen in Peking verbreiten Chinas Olympia-Teilnehmer wenig Aufbruchstimmung. Dabei wurde. Norwegen hat eben viel Schnee — und züchtet seine Medaillengewinner schon seit drei Jahrzehnten systematisch heran. Die Fahrt von Peking nach Chongli ist mühsam. Zwar gingen die Organisatoren davon aus, dass alle Sportstätten spätestens Ende fertiggestellt sein würden, jedoch musste der Plan, bereits weit vor dem Beginn der Spiele fertig zu sein, wegen explodierender Kosten, Engpässen in der Stahlproduktion und technischer Probleme aufgegeben werden. Legen Sie Ihr persönliches Archiv an. Spiegel Online , Bis sollen Millionen Chinesen auf Skiern stehen. Dies war ein Wettbewerb und 2 Disziplinen mehr als in Athen — die Anzahl der Sportarten blieb gleich. An diesen offiziellen Teil schloss sich eine kurze Präsentation des Austragungsort der Olympischen Sommerspiele , London , an. Die Abstimmung über den Austragungsort fand auf der Juli in Kuala Lumpur statt, wobei sich Peking mit Die Organisatoren versprachen Spiele der kurzen Wege, da 25 von 28 Sportstätten innerhalb von 15 Minuten mit öffentlichen Verkehrsmitteln erreichbar sein sollten. Es sollen neue Ski-Resorts und Eislaufhallen entstehen.
Peking olympia - consider, whatNach den Winterspielen droht der Verfall Winterspiele in Pyeongchang: Insbesondere die Vergabe der Spiele an ein Land mit einem niedrigen Standard an Menschenrechten wurde kritisiert. Im Sommer regne es genug, um die Speicher zu füllen und im Winter damit den Kunstschnee zu produzieren, sagt Nager, der zwischen seiner kalifornischen Heimat und China pendelt. In anderen Projekten Commons. Xi Jinping hat mit der Vergabe der Olympischen Spiele an Peking auch mit der Zahl von Millionen potenziellen Wintersportlern kokettiert, die in der Region leben.
The following were the events in 28 sports that were contested at the Games. The number of events contested in each sport is indicated in parentheses in sports with more than one discipline, as identified by the IOC,  these are also specified.
In addition to the official Olympic sports, the Beijing Organising Committee was given special dispensation by the IOC to run a wushu competition in parallel to the Games.
The Wushu Tournament Beijing saw athletes from 43 countries participate, with medals awarded in 15 separate events; however, these were not to be added to the official medal tally since Wushu was not on the programme of the Olympic Games.
It began at 8: The Ceremony included handover of the Games from Beijing to London. This presentation included performances by guitarist Jimmy Page , and recording artist Leona Lewis.
Of the nations that participated in the Games, 87 earned medals and 54 of those won at least one gold medal, both of these figures setting new records for Olympic Games.
Athletes from China won the highest number of gold medals of any nation at these Games, with 48, thus making China the seventh nation to rank top in the medal table in the history of the modern Olympics, along with the United States fifteen times , France in , Great Britain in , Germany in , the Soviet Union six times , and the Unified Team in The United States team won the most medals overall, with Afghanistan ,  Mauritius ,  Sudan ,  Tajikistan  and Togo  won their first ever Olympic medals.
Mongolia which previously held the record for most medals without a gold  and Panama  won their first gold medals.
Four members of the water polo team from Serbia won the first medal for their country under its new name, having previously won medals representing Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro.
American swimmer Michael Phelps won a total of eight gold medals, more than any other athlete in a single Olympic games, setting numerous world and Olympic records in the process.
All but one of the recognized National Olympic Committees NOCs that existed as of [update] participated in the Summer Olympics, the exception being Brunei.
While not a full member recognized by the IOC and thus not allowed to compete formally in the Olympics, the Macau Sports and Olympic Committee sent a delegation to participate in the Wushu Tournament Beijing , being the only unrecognized National Olympic Committee to have taken part in the Summer Olympics.
It also coordinated efforts with the Chinese Olympic Committee to organize the torch relay through Macau. The Marshall Islands and Tuvalu gained National Olympic Committee status in and respectively, and was the first games in which they were eligible to participate.
After the declaration of independence in Kosovo, the IOC specified requirements that Kosovo needs to meet before being recognized by the IOC; most notably, it has to be recognized as independent by the United Nations.
More than sovereigns, heads of state and heads of government as well as Ministers of Sport attended the Beijing Olympic Games.
The participation of Taiwan was briefly in doubt because of disagreements over the name of their team in the Chinese language and concerns about Taiwan marching in the Opening Ceremony next to the special administrative region of Hong Kong.
A compromise on the naming was reached, and Taiwan was referred to during the games as "Chinese Taipei," rather than "Taipei, China," as the mainland China government had proposed.
Starting in , North Korea and South Korea held meetings to discuss the possibility of sending a united team to the Olympics. A subsequent attempt to broker an agreement for the two nations to walk together during the March of Nations failed as well, despite their having done so during the and Games.
Brunei Darussalam was due to take part in the Summer Olympic Games. However, they were disqualified on 8 August, having failed to register either of their two athletes.
The IOC tried up until the last minute, midday Friday August 8, , the day of the official opening, to have them register, but to no avail.
Georgia announced on 9 August , that it was considering withdrawing from the Beijing Olympic Games because of the South Ossetia war , but it went on to compete while the conflict was still ongoing.
South African swimmer Natalie du Toit , whose left leg was amputated following a motor scooter accident, qualified to compete at the Beijing Olympics.
She was able to compete in the Olympics rather than the Paralympics because she does not use a prosthetic leg while swimming. Collectively, the Beijing Olympics are associated with a variety of problematic topics: The games were hit by a number of doping scandals before and after the games had commenced.
Seven Russian track and field stars were suspended just before the start of the games for allegedly tampering with their urine samples, only five of the seven were due to take part in the games.
Eleven Greek weightlifters also failed tests in the run up to the games and the entire Bulgarian weightlifting team had to withdraw after eleven of their weightlifters also failed tests.
A small number of athletes from other nations also failed pre-games tests. Many in China viewed the Olympics as "an affirmation of a single nationalistic dream" and saw protests during the international torch relay as an insult to China.
The long-term economic impact of the games on China and Beijing in particular is not yet clear. Four years after the Games, many of the specially constructed facilities were underused or even deserted.
Seven years after the Games, Beijing was awarded the Winter Olympics. It will thus be the first city to host both the Summer and Winter Games. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the video game, see Beijing video game. For the Summer Paralympics, see Summer Paralympics. President Hu Jintao  [a].
Bids for the Summer Olympics. List of Summer Olympics broadcasters. World and Olympic records set at the Summer Olympics. Chronological summary of the Summer Olympics.
List of Summer Olympics medal winners. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
The fourth event is determined by a vote. Archived PDF from the original on 14 August Retrieved 22 December Archived from the original on 23 June Retrieved 5 August Retrieved 4 February Archived from the original on 19 September Retrieved 24 October Archived from the original on 12 August Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 5 December Retrieved 18 December Could the sixth be the winner?
Retrieved 7 September The New York Times. Retrieved 11 June Retrieved 5 June The Oxford Olympics Study Cost and Cost Overrun at the Games.
Retrieved 29 July Retrieved 5 December Retrieved 27 August Archived from the original on 26 January Retrieved 11 May Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 10 August Archived from the original on 9 August Retrieved 20 June Archived from the original on 23 April Beijing Municipal Commission of Urban Planning.
Archived from the original on 19 June Retrieved 28 August Archived from the original on 15 August Retrieved 16 August Archived from the original on 12 May Retrieved 29 January Archived from the original on 19 August Retrieved 2 August Archived from the original on 14 May Retrieved 14 April Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 23 June Retrieved 19 December Archived from the original on 8 April Retrieved 5 May One World, One Dream".
The Sydney Morning Herald. Let the politics begin". Retrieved 30 November Archived from the original on 22 August Retrieved 22 August Archived from the original on 8 March Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 23 July Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 24 March Archived from the original PDF on 29 December Retrieved 10 June Retrieved 21 July Archived from the original on 8 September Retrieved 25 August Retrieved 29 November Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 26 April Bars International Torch Relays".
Retrieved 28 March Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original on 5 April Retrieved 23 March Everest pro-Tibet protesters may be shot".
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New York Daily News. Retrieved 8 June The artwork embodies four messages: For the first time jade is used for the Beijing Olympic medals.
The medals symbolise nobility and virtue and are the embodiment of traditional Chinese values of ethics and honour, emitting a strong Chinese flavour.
The medal for the runner-up is made of pure silver. Noble and elegant, the medals are a blending of traditional Chinese culture and Olympism.
On their obverse side, the medals reflect the Greek character of the Olympic Games: While on their reverse side, the medals are inlaid with jade with the Beijing Games emblem engraved in the metal centrepiece.
The design inspiration of the medal hook derives from jade "huang", a ceremonial jade piece decorated with a double dragon pattern and "Pu", the reed mat pattern.
Each name rhymes by repeating the same syllable: The Olympic Flame also reached the summit of Mount Everest. A French version exists, but this was published only in electronic form.
The set consists of three printed volumes Bid documents and analysis; Ceremonies and competitions; Preparation for the Games and a multimedia volume, which had now become standard.
Date 08 Aug - 24 Aug. Records tumble Beijing was the Games of records and superlatives. Memorable champions There were many memorable champions but it was Michael Phelps and Usain Bolt who stole the headlines.
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